Anatomy Physiology Digestive System Essay

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The Human Digestive System Essay

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When we eat, the nutrients and energy we need in order to function have to be extracted from food and absorbed into the body. The process responsible for this is known as digestion. The human digestive system has to be able to process our omnivorous feeding habits and diet, and has adapted this to function at an optimum level and is controlled by our autonomic nervous system by the brain.
The digestive system is a collective of automated processes and organs, enzymes, secretions, some accessory organs and a pipework (or tube) that starts at the mouth and ends at the anus, known as the alimentary. The processes that take place along the alimentary canal are how we take in these various nutrients, differentiate what that body can use for…show more content…

When we eat, the nutrients and energy we need in order to function have to be extracted from food and absorbed into the body. The process responsible for this is known as digestion. The human digestive system has to be able to process our omnivorous feeding habits and diet, and has adapted this to function at an optimum level and is controlled by our autonomic nervous system by the brain.
The digestive system is a collective of automated processes and organs, enzymes, secretions, some accessory organs and a pipework (or tube) that starts at the mouth and ends at the anus, known as the alimentary. The processes that take place along the alimentary canal are how we take in these various nutrients, differentiate what that body can use for survival and function, and what it does not need or are surplus to requirements. This surplus food is passed through the alimentary canal at the opposite end and is excreted as waste.
The entire digestive process starts at the mouth. As we eat and take in food, the chewing action in the mouth uses the jaw, muscles and teeth to grind, mash and break up the solid food masses into smaller particles. Food is moistened by saliva, a secretion released from small ducts within the mouth. An enzyme within the composition of saliva called Amylase, works to dissolve some food particles and break down starchy foods, turning them into glucose. The advantage to this reduction in food size, all along the digestive tract, is to maximise surface area and make

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Sample Questions from the Anatomy & Physiology 23 Digestive System Essay Flashcards

Question: Explain how the enteric nervous system supports the digestive system. What might occur that could result in the autonomic nervous system having a negative impact on digestion?

Choices:

The enteric nervous system helps regulate alimentary canal motility and the secretion of digestive juices, thus facilitating digestion. If a person becomes overly anxious, sympathetic innervation of the alimentary canal is stimulated, which can result in a slowing of digestive activity.

Question: By watching this animation (http://openstaxcollege.org/l/foodgroups) , you will see that for the various food groups-proteins, fats, and carbohydrates-digestion begins in different parts of the digestion system, though all end in the same place. Of the three major food classes (carbohydrates, fats, and proteins), which is digested in the mouth, the stomach, and the small intestine?

Choices:

Answers may vary.

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